The Water Cycle Definition! Definition, Steps, Diagram, & Facts

Water cycle on earth changing every day and the repeating changes makes a cycle. During the cycle process, water is going through the changes and sometimes it can be solid like ice, liquid like water or as a gas like vapor. 

On the other hand, ice become to water as liquid or gas as vapor. Again the water vapor can be liquid water or ice too. Vapor comes to earth lands as liquid by rain formation,

When heat taken away from water vapor, it become condense. And this condense vapor turn into liquid water. Further if we add heat to ice it also turn into liquid water. This is the cycles of water so far.

This water cycle is known as a hydrological. In the hydrological cycle water from oceans, river, lake, plant, swamp and even from a human can turn into a vapor.

How Does Rain Form And What Is The Water Cycle

The Water Cycle Definition - What Does it Mean?

The water cycle is basically the complete journey that water makes in its life. Which is called scientifically hydraulic cycle. In this process water move from one place to another, and from one state to other as well as in different conditions.

As the word ‘cycle’ says that is why there is no starting point. This means water transformation begin at any point and follow its path until it gets to where we started again.

So, water cycle called in scientific that the water changes from water vapor in the atmosphere to liquid water through the process condensation and the precipitation. The condensed water back to water vapor through evaporation, transpiration and the respiration.

The Water Cycle | The Dr. Binocs Show

The Steps in Water Cycle

Step 1


Evaporation is the first step of the water cycle. In this process where water at the surface like river, lake, ocean turn into water vapors. Naturally, water absorbs the heat energy from the sun, and that set the water into mists.
The primary source of the water evaporation are oceans, the seas, the river, lakes and surface runoff water. In the evaporation process water shifted from hydrosphere to atmosphere and as it evaporated it reduces the temperature.

Step 2


When water vaporized into water vapor and then raised in the atmosphere. The water vapors changed into a small piece of little ice/water as the temperature is low at high altitude. This process is called scientifically is condensation. These particles are formed cloud and fog when they come together in the sky.

Step 3


Besides the evaporation, sublimation also contributes to the water vapor. In the sublimation process where ice directly transforms into water vapor without converting into liquid water.

At the high altitude where the temperature is shallow this phenomenon also occurs high pressure is needed. The ice sheet of north and south pole is the primary source of water sublimation.

However, the ice cap in the mountain has also supported this process. Sublimation is a slightly slower process than evaporation.

Step 4


Condense water vapor, or the could then pour down to land as precipitation due to wind or fall of temperature. This situation occurs due to the water droplets combined and make bigger droplet.

Besides when the water in high altitude the air cannot hold any more water due to, they lose their heat energy. In very low temperature this scenario knows as precipitation.

Step 5


As waterfall down to earth and its makes precipitation. Some of the water absorbed by the soil. This is the process know transpiration of water.

Transpiration is the water process like water evaporation where liquid water is turned into water vapor by plants. 

The root of the plants absorbed the water from soil and transport in the leaves. Where photosynthesis process is performed taking heating energy from the sun.

During this process, extra water moved out from the leaves through stomata as water vapor.

Step 6


When the water pours down, it can be any form. It leads to a runoff in the surface. So, runoff or surface runoff is the process where water runs over the surface of the earth.

When the snow melts into the water, it also led to flow. While water is running over the ground surface, it displaces the topsoil with it and transports the minerals along with the stream.

Besides, the runoff combines to form channels and then rivers and ends up into lake, rivers, oceans, and seas.

Step 7


Some of the water that precipitates do not run off into the rivers and is absorbed by the plants or gets evaporated. It moves deep into the soil. This is called infiltration.

The water seeps down and increases the level of the groundwater table. It is called pure water and is drinkable. The penetration is measured as inches of water-soaked by the soil per hour.

The Water Cycle Explained

The Water Cycle Drives Different Cycles

The water cycle is imperative, and examples of water cycling and precipitation effect affect Earth's environments.

Be that as it may, precipitation and surface spillover additionally assume critical jobs in the cycling of different components.

These incorporate carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur. Specifically, surface overflow helps move elements from earthly, arrive based, to amphibian biological systems.

We'll investigate how this function in the accompanying articles, where we'll inspect distinctive components' biogeochemical cycles.

Why The Water Cycle is Important?

With more than 70 percent of Earth surface being covered by water. Life is impossible without water. Besides the water cycle is very important because its process provides Earth with the natural, continual water supply all living things need to survive.

This process is the natural process in which water on earth change through different states and moves from one level to another. Energy from the sun's penetrating rays heats the surface water of lake, ponds, lake, and oceans.

Water turns from its liquid form to a gas form called water vapor. Water vapor rises and cools in the air. As it cools, it condenses and turns back into a liquid inside of clouds.

When the conditions are right, these water droplets fall from the clouds to Earth's surface in the form of precipitation. Precipitation runs off or is absorbed by the ground adding to Earth's natural water tables.

A significant number of the procedures and elements of a human body require water. It is necessary for moving supplements among cells and transporting supplements in blood. Creatures likewise depend on the plants and animals in water to survive.

For instance, a frog lays its eggs in water since they bring forth as tadpoles and stay in the water until the point that they develop into a grown-up. Water is a valuable, nonliving asset forever.

How Does Agriculture Affect The Water Cycle?

A vast amount of water uses in agriculture during summer time.
The conventional agricultural techniques use a vast amount of water during summer time. One portion evaporates easily.

If you are using surface water bodies to irrigate your goods, you can dry up water in rivers, lakes, impoundments.

While using groundwater resource, the depleting groundwater level even finishes all extractable water of your aquifer. These are the problems associated with agriculture.

Water Cycle in a Bottle Science Experiment

Water evaporation transforms into a gas and ascends into the air. This gathers water beads at the highest point of the container, known as buildup when gas transforms once again into water.

At the point when the water gets sufficiently substantial, it falls back to the base of the jug exactly how rain falls back to earth.

Water dissipating and afterward transforming once again into a strong or fluid and coming back to earth is the water cycle.

The Water Cycle diagram

The water cycle, also referred to as the hydrological cycle, is basically the movement of water on the planet. Besides the water cycle diagram is the imagery plot of the process showing the whole process of water cycle. The water cycle diagram showing the

  • on the surface of the Earth (surface flow)
  • above the surface of the Earth (evaporation and precipitation)
  • beneath the surface of the Earth (ground water flow)

The water cycle diagram

The amount of water on the planet is basically stable, but it is in continuous cyclic movement and hence, is referred to as the water cycle.


Question: For what reason is the sun a main consideration in the water cycle?

Answer: The sun is the primary wellspring of vitality, and without vitality the cycle would not happen.

Question: What job does the water cycle play in the survival of plants and creatures?

​​Answer: Plants and creatures require water with the end goal to survive. Their life cycles and generation rely upon accessible water from the water cycle.

Question: What station did you go to most in the Water Cycle Tour Activity?

Answer: No doubt you went to the sea station and the environment station the most. The Water Cycle Tour has an emphasis on those stations since that is the place most of the water is on Earth.

Question: Which procedure of the water cycle do we list first?

Answer: Any procedure of the water cycle might be recorded first since cycles ceaselessly rehash. You can begin in a cycle shape anyplace.

Question: Rundown the procedures that happen in the water cycle?

Answer: Evaporation, transpiration, condensation, precipitation, runoff, collection, and percolation.

The Water Cycle Pictures

the water cycle pictures

the water cycle pictures3

the water cycle pictures4

The Water Cycle Evaporation

In the water cycle evaporation is the process where water converts or transform in liquid to vapor form. In this evaporation water transform into vapor and water bodies moves to the atmosphere, according to Michigan Technology University.

When water is heated, it evaporates after the molecules vibrate and move so quickly. When an optimum temperature gained, they escaped into the atmosphere as water vapor molecules. Evaporation is the one of two form of vaporization the other of water boiling. 


To conduct the evaporation process energy required as it proceeds faster at a higher temperature and higher flow rates between the liquid and gaseous phase.
The surface tension in water is the elastic tendency of a fluid that allows insects to float on water and have the pressure that allows for bubbles formation.

The Water Cycle Video

The Water Cycle Summary

It’s a straightforward question that was from the earth water come from? The answer is the water cycle. The water cycle has no starting point. But we can set it the ocean as they have a large amount of water.

The water cycle is driven by the sun. The sun heated the pool then evaporate, and water bodies moved to the atmosphere. Further ice and snow can sublimate directly into water vapor. Besides evaporation can also transit from plant and soil.

The vapor rises into the air where cooler temperatures cause it to condense into clouds.
Air currents move clouds around the globe, cloud particles collide, grow, and fall out of the sky as precipitation.

Click Here to Leave a Comment Below 0 comments

Leave a Reply: