How to install a water softener and why? You may know very well though you can learn some awesome tips here too. Hard water is softened by removing the calcium and magnesium it contains.
When hard water passes through the softening system’s resin bed, the calcium and magnesium (hardness) ions are removed through an ion exchange process, so only softened water passes through to your home.
Once the resin bed fills up with hardness ions, it must be regenerated (cleaned).
Salt is typically used in the regeneration process and restores the resin to a “clean” state so the ion exchange process can begin again.
Required Tools for this Project
If you keep all the necessary tools near your hand for a DIY project, you can save time and frustration.
- Plumbers tape
- Soldering torch
- Slip joint pliers
- Tube cutter
- Tape measure
Required Materials for this Project
Keep all the materials ready for your use before you start your project. Avoid your last minute’s shopping tension.
- Copper tees
- Copper pipe
- Fitting Brush
Salt-Based Water Softening System
- Stop the flow of water from the main line of your house. Open the lowest valve and drain the pipes of the housing and let the water run out.
- Turn off the water heater and the power leading to it.
- Select the area where you would like to install the softener. Remember this should be done before the line feeds with the water heater.
- Use a pipe cutter and cut the main line. With the pipe tighten the cutter and rotate it till the pipe cut through. The water comes out of the bucket keep in the pot.
- Adjust elbow fitting with the line. This permits you to feed the filter, and there is a bypass valve which will feed water through the filter if requires.
- Measure the pipes which will need to take the measurements of the unit. Cut the pipes fit and then solder on the fittings and nipples before adding the pipe with the bypass valve.
- Add the pipes with the unit applying compression fittings; that will be supplied with the unit.
- Clamp hose with the unit, feed the place of the drain. The options are utility sink, floor drain, and sump pump. The last part of the hose will remain at least 2 inches above the hole of the drain to save back-siphoning of water. Be sure the hose is adjusted well.
- Add the overflow tube to the brine tank. For height as well as placement follow the manufacturer’s instruction.
- Move the valve to the bypass position and to remove debris or sediment flush water from it.
- Plug in the system and keep the valve with the backwash place. Then open the valve up slowly to permit water at the time of releasing air through the pipes. To set up flushing schedule, try to follow the manufacturers’ instructions carefully
Installing a Salt-Free System
- Set up the component to your desired area where you like to install the system.
- Turn off the main water from your house and remove water from the pipe by exposing the lowest spot of the house and permit the water run.
- Cut the pipe on the cold water to supply before reaching the prefilter housing. Carefully attach the pipe with the cutter onto the pipes and rotate around the pipe to make the cut.
- Shut off the valve to install carbon prefilter, connect it with compression fittings.
- Connect the shut-off valve with the pipe or gluing with the PVC, or by soldering with the copper.
- Install the second shut-off valve next then the pre-filter, expand the pipe to the distribution head of the filter system. Add the compression filter.
- Add the downflow outlet with the system of the cold water supply pipe and for this water will flow through the system and will back by the house.
- Close both valves that work for shut off and open the main valve to supply water to the house.
- Open the shut-off valve carefully and notice if there are any leaks. If you see no leak, then start the system.
- Carefully remove the shut-off valve at a stretch and notice the leaks. If you do not get any open the valve and start the system.
- Installing a Magnetic System
- Steps Required
- Detect the area where you would like to install the magnetic system. They are not big and adjust with the pipe; you may put them nearly any place, especially the small area where the large filter cannot go.
- Open the magnetic box with following the instruction. This may hinge on one side or let it clamp down over the pipe.
- Adjust the box around the pipe, do it by the instruction so that the water flow into the box in the correct direction.
- Shut off the box around the pipe and use screws or nuts to secure it to a place
Under Counter Standard Reverse Osmosis System
Step 1. Installation Location
Get a suitable place where the process can be installed. Be sure this has enough space beneath the counter for proper installation. Locate the cold water to shut off the valve and sink drainpipe.
Step 2. Closing Cold Water Valve
Turn off the water system of your house to detect the place where the process needs to install. When you see the existing valve is not operable, the supply of water to the house must be shut off. Remove the pressure by unfolding the cool water faucet.
Step 3. Connecting To Cold Water Line
It has lots of options for setting Reverse Osmosis unit with the cold water resource.
Step 4. Drain Line Connection:
CAUTION: If the drain is not properly corroded, replace it.
The point is six inches over the trap, drill five by sixteen-inch diameter hole by one of the pipe. Add the drain clamp, be sure the hole of the clamp is aligned with the hole of the pipe. You may use a drill or punch to align hole at the time of tightening the clamp. Do not over tighten the clamp.
Sep 5. Faucet Installation
The faucet has to be added to aesthetics, convenience, and function in mind. For the faucet base, a flat area is a must, so the base nut properly tightened. The conditions will remain that remove the require drilling the hole in the sink.
Step 6. Faucet Installation
If you drill the hole in the sink and the faucet system will add to the hole. Keep the rubber faucet, faucet base and faucet body above the sink.
With the faucet install the nut and star lock washer below the sink, tighten well when the aligning faucet to the right position. When the installation is finished, add the ¼” tubing to the zenith of the faucet tighten or stem.
For some conditions, you need to use the air gap faucet. For the confirm compliance see the local plumbing code. Set the drain connection far from the garbage disposal to save system fouling and contamination.
Where to Install a Water Softener
Suppose you have an old water softener in your home, you like to replace or set one or would make a plan to set up a new one in the same location. There is no remaining water softener at your home; you should have considered the following things:
General location. A new water softener is needed to add for the way, but this is simple to tie with the plumbing system- in some cases, this is a basement, utility room, garage, often close to the water heater. Ensure more space around the equipment for simple servicing.
Do not keep the softener in the area where there is the possibility of freezing; this may do permanent damage or void the warranty period. If you like to keep the temperature below 40 degrees F, save the equipment by eliminating the pressure and then drain the system.
Do not keep the direct sunlight. Do not keep the system outdoors also.
A water softener requires utility sink or floor drain. Besides, it will need electrical receptacle which maintains the required amperage.
Where will you connect the pipes? To ensure fresh water for home install softener for home, this will help not to gather sediment build up with the water heater.
The mixing of sodium may cause the risk of health; this is possible to bypass certain faucets for drinking water. If you do it, the total water softening system will be useless, and you will not get the benefit of it.
The alternative is to select the softening water system. Let not keep the softener on the water heater – the temperature will reach up to 110 degrees F and can damage the softener and may destroy the warranty period.