How To Soften Hard Water In 10 Easy And Inexpensive Ways

Water is one nature's most precious gift, and the ability to have access to healthy water is one of every individual's essential priorities. However, most regions of the world have been blessed with different types of water- whether hard water or soft water.

The difference is their mineral content. While hard water contains a lot of dissolved minerals like calcium, magnesium, sulfite, and in other cases, the presence of iron, manganese, etc. soft water does not. However, hard water is not harmful but can be very dangerous if consumed and used regularly.

However, to attain a safe and healthy lifestyle, this article will lead you on how to soften hard water for your everyday usage. But firstly, let us understand the basis of hard water.

Table of Contents

What is Hard Water?

Hard water is any water that has a significant amount of minerals like limestone, gypsum, or other chemical impurities of bicarbonate, sulfates, and different magnesium or carbon carbonates. The most prevalent hard water components are magnesium and calcium.

It is formed when a high percentage of these salts dissolved in the water either from the source(reservoirs) or from pipes during water transfer. But, there is no need to worry; there are ways to soften hard water.

What Are the Signs of Too Much or Too Little Hardness in Your Water?

Water that is hard has a high level of mineral content. Mineral buildup can cause problems such as clogged drains, scratches on dishes, and issues with scales.

Many signs show that there is too much or too little hardness in your water. You can check your water for these signs by using a glass of tap water and following the instructions below:

The first sign is if your tap water forms a white layer on top of it or if it leaves behind any dry residue on the sides of the glass when you pour it out. This indicates that there is too much calcium in the water. If this happens, you will not be able to see through the glass, but you should remove the deposits with vinegar and baking soda.

What are the Causes of Hard Water?

Many factors can cause hard water. In surface-level groundwater, hardness is mostly due to low permeability, while in groundwater, it is mainly due to high salinity. When fluoride is present in the water, it can bind with calcium to create an insoluble compound.

Causes of Hard Water:

  • When fluoride is present in the water, it can bind with calcium to create an insoluble compound.
  • Hardness in surface-level groundwater mainly due to low permeability and low infiltration.
  • Hardness in groundwater mainly due to its high salt content. In addition, some areas may have naturally occurring salts.
  • Some municipalities add chemicals to their water supply to reduce hardness.
  • High levels of iron, manganese, magnesium, and other elements can make water very hard.
  • Certain types of plants absorb certain amounts of water and release minerals into the soil. These include sugar cane, citrus trees, and tea bushes.
  • Rainfall-runoff carries dissolved minerals from landfills, quarries, and industrial sites
  • Contaminated wells can contain large quantities of minerals.
  • Over time, pipes can become corroded and leak minerals into the water.
  • Water treatment plants use filters to remove contaminants from the water before it reaches homes.

Is It Wrong to Take Hard Water?

Drinking hard water has not been proven to be detrimental, except when taking in large quantities. According to the National Research Council, hard water can complement calcium and magnesium in the human diet.

However, the consumption of hard water has led to various reproductive system malfunctions, skin dysfunction like rashes, eczema, etc., high blood pressure, diabetes, cancer, etc.

Benefits of Softening Hard Water at Home

Softening hard water at home is gaining popularity due to its benefits. Hard water can damage your pipes, appliances, and fixtures. It can also corrode the metals in your home that use water.

Hard water-damaged appliances (such as dishwashers and washing machines) and natural materials (such as stone counters) by corroding metal surfaces (e.g., plumbing).

The good news is that softening hard water at home is an easy DIY project that you can do with just a few simple ingredients!

Impact of Hard Water in Daily Life?

The effect of living on hard water varies regularly from not just your health but the physical morphology of an individual to how it alters and damages your entire home appliances. Here are a few prominent examples of the causes of hard water

1. Impact on Skin and Hair

Have you ever felt your skin is dry or itchy? Or have your lurchy and moisturized skin and hair suddenly become firm, dry, and scanty? You may think that it's a result of the lack of hair and body moisturizer. But do you know that the water you use also contributes to a considerable extent, this could be as a result of the hard water? 

Impact on Skin and Hair

Most people believe that hard water quickly removes soapy feeling from their body or hair when washing than soft water. It is untrue as hard water leaves a film on the surface of your skin because of its positively charged ion; this ion reacts with the fatty acid from the soap forming insoluble substances that do not clean fast. This insoluble lime substance is what amounts to result in dry skin and itchy hair and fil surrounding hair follicles.

2. Impacts on Pipes and Appliances

Impacts on Pipes and Appliances

In the long run, hard water on pipes can lead to a reduction in the flow of water or water pressure in showers, tap, etc. That's not all. It also leads to the inefficiency of home appliances like washing machines, coffee makers, dishwashers as well as water heaters. Also, hard water causes dots on kitchen wares like glasses, ceramics, etc. after washing.

3. Uses More Soaps and Detergents

Uses More Soaps and Detergents

Because of the calcium and magnesium ion present in hard water, it makes it challenging to foam quickly when in use. It causes individuals to buy and use more soaps and detergents than usual.

How to Know if You Have Hard Water?

How to Know if You Have Hard Water?

Realizing the kind of water you have can be quite challenging, but here are some few tips of hard water:

1.Presence of Scum

You will feel and see the presence of scum around your sink, during, and after washing dishes or clothes. It can be a bit hard to notice if you are not using a dishwasher or washing machine. Also, washing your hands to remove scum may take a bit longer than expected.

2. Presence of Dots on Kitchen Wares

Presence of Dots on Kitchen Wares

After using the dishwasher, there will be the presence of dots of calcium carbonates present on your glass or ceramics.

3. Quick Wearing Off of Cloth

Another indicator of hard water is that your clothes will tend to wear off fast due to the concentration of the minerals in hard water.

4. Low Water Pressure

If you have hard water, shortly, you will begin to realize that the flow of your water will reduce due to the presence of mineral deposits that usually accumulates on the sides of the water pipe if this mineral does not stop the flow of water.

What You Will Need to Soften Hard Water

Softening hard water requires a lot of time and effort. You can add a bit of flavor to the process by using an ingredient that makes it easier. Just add them to your water in a 1:1 ratio and allow them to boil for 10 minutes.

If you want your water to be soft without adding other ingredients, you can add sea salt or table salt into the water in a 2:1 ratio.

Softness is relative, so you need to decide what level of softness is suitable for you based on your needs and preferences.

Hard water is softer when it is softened through the use of a water softener. There are different types of water softeners available today. They range from simple salt-based systems to more advanced ion exchange systems. A few people combine both methods. Your choice will depend on how much money you have to spend and how comfortable with DIY projects you are.

Most people find that the easiest method to soften their water is to buy a pre-made softener system. It's easy to install and maintain. However, if you don't mind spending extra money, there are many ways to do it yourself.

How to Soften Hard Water - Step by step process

Having hard water in your home is not all bad. Thank goodness for the various means that have been put in place to rectify and change hard water to soft water. Here are some ways of softening hard water:

1. Ion-exchange

The ion exchange water softening process functions by exerting water through an ionic basin. The basin gis coated with resin beads that act as a medium for extracting the hardness minerals - calcium and magnesium ion - and replacing them with sodium and potassium ions.


However, the process sustenance is through recreating new softening ions that replace the ones that have been used and expelling the replaced hard water ions. This technique is also capable of expending other iron contents of water.

2. Template Assisted Crystallization (TAC) or Nucleation Assisted Crystallization (NAC)

This type of water softener can be used both softening water at home and for commercial purposes. It is done by using little ceramic polymer beads as a medium or site for collecting calcium and magnesium. These microscopic beads act as anchors that trap these hard water ions.

Template Assisted Crystallization (TAC) or Nucleation Assisted Crystallization (NAC)

However, when these clusters are collected, they are stored as nano-clusters and expelled from the bead when water flows. This system saves the hard water ions as soft scales that are stable and insoluble, which makes them more expendable from the water unit. However, this method involves lower maintenance and produces better water quality.

3. Chelation Systems

The chelation system is known as a water conditioning system rather than a water softening system because it changes the state of the hardness ion rather than removing them. It is mostly used for commercial purposes. This softening hard water system is almost similar to the ion-exchange method except that it doesn't expel hardness ions. However, it changes their ionic charge and weakens and inert the activating power of the hardness ion through the use of a polyphosphate filled cartridge. This makes the water beneficial to health.

4. Magnetic or Electronic Water Softener

Magnetic or Electronic Water Softener

The magnetic water softener process functions by passing water through a magnetic field, which drags out the hard water ion. This system makes it difficult for calcium or magnesium to form scales before the water gets to the pipe of your home. However, they do not altogether remove the hard water ions.

5. Reverse Osmosis System

Reverse Osmosis System

This form of softening hard water removes water impurities by forcing it under pressure through a series of excellent filters to a molecular structure.

6. Showerhead Filter

The shower head water softener is a shower system that takes out various minerals such as chlorine, fluorine, and other harmful chemical substances by adding vitamins A & C, reducing the concentration of unhealthy ions, etc. 

7. Demand Initiated Regeneration System

This is one of the best ways to soften water. The demand-initiated regeneration system helps in the recreation of water when the water valve rates the volume of the remaining water.

Demand Initiated Regeneration System

There is a meter control attached to the system which is sensitive to the degree of hard water that passes through it. This valve starts regenerating water when the meter sends a signal to begin the process. The regeneration entails attracting brine, rinsing, and backwashing, which brings about the whole system of servicing and softening water stream.

However, the demand initiated regeneration system varies with the volume content of the tank and the length of regeneration periods. But, other methods have two softening tanks. So, one can be in use while the other regenerates. This type of water softening system helps to ensure every drop of water is treated.

Why You Should Start Using Borax for Softening Your Drinking Water

Borax is a chemical compound that can be used to soften water. In addition to being cheapest and effective way, it is also safe for use.

The most common misconception about borax is that it can cause serious health problems if ingested or inhaled. This is false information because the EPA considers borax safe to drink water up to certain levels.

It is effective at removing iron and other minerals from tap water, making it good for softening. Also, it helps eliminate taste and odor, which is good for people with sensitive stomachs or allergies.

How Hard Water Affects Your Health and Well-Being

Hard water contains several dissolved minerals that can be dangerous to health. When these minerals are absorbed into the body, they can cause health problems such as:

Uric acid: it is a common symptom of hard water and can also lead to gout and kidney stones

Chlorine: chlorine is toxic and affects not only the surface of the skin but also the lungs, stomach, and intestines.

Fluoride: fluorosis is another health problem that comes with hard water. It causes discoloration on teeth, such as brown stains or white streaks. The condition will worsen over time as long as you drink contaminated water.

Iron: consumption of hard water may lead to anemia as iron is absorbed more quickly than calcium.

Calcium: high levels of calcium can cause bone diseases such as osteoporosis.

Magnesium: Magnesium deficiency can result in muscle cramps and diarrhea.

How to soften hard water without a water softener

5 Effective Ways to Soften Your Hard Water Without a Water Treatment System

There is a problem with hard water for many homeowners. It can be difficult to keep the water soft and is often a cause of poor water quality and shower-scaling damage.

These are some methods of softening hard water without a treatment system:

  1. Use vinegar: Vinegar is an amazing natural solution for reducing hardness in your home's pipes. It works by forming hypochlorous acid, which breaks down the minerals.
  2. Mix salt with baking soda: Baking soda neutralizes chlorine and can help reduce hardness levels in your water over time.
  3. Use distilled white vinegar or baking soda with other household cleaners: This mixture will remove all the minerals from hard water, including magnesium, calcium, manganese, zinc, iron, copper, lithium salts, and more.
  4. Add lemon juice to hot water: Lemon juice also removes hardness from the water. Simply add 1/2 cup of fresh-squeezed lemon juice to each gallon of hot tap water. Wait ten minutes and strain it.
  5. Make homemade laundry detergent: You can make your laundry detergent at home with four simple ingredients: Borax, washing soda, borax powder, and powdered laundry soap.

What do you need to do to soften hard water for hair washing

When it comes to washing your hair, hard water can make the experience difficult. However, there are certain ways of softening hard water that is easy to implement at home.

Begin by adding a bit of soap to your bath water when you prepare it for washing. The soap will dissolve into the water and create suds that can be used for washing your hair. For extra convenience, there is even a shampoo bottle specifically for this purpose that you can purchase at most drugstores.

If you have excess product or residue on your hair, rinse with cold water. If you experience hair loss, apply conditioner after rinsing out the suds. Apply a small amount of conditioner to your hair and scalp, comb through, and leave on for 5–10 minutes. Rinse thoroughly with cool water.

How to Soften Hard Water Aquarium

If you have a hard water aquarium, it may be harder to keep your fish alive. There are a few ways to soften hard water.

First, increase the amount of space the aquarium has. This will allow for more moisture from the air and will help to soften your water. If you have a filter, remove it and place it on a tray on the ground of your home or somewhere else where there is plenty of room for evaporating water. The last option is to add some salt in small amounts every day until your tank is soft enough for use again.

There are different ways that you can soften hard water so let's take a look at them one by one:

1) Add Salt

Adding salt to your aquarium will cause your water to become softer. You can buy salt in several forms, including flakes, granules, cubes, and blocks. It's important to remember that not all salts work the same way. Some types of salt are better than others. For example, table salt works well, but rock salt does not.

Table salt dissolves quickly which allows it to dissolve into your water easily. However, if you want to use rock salt, you need to dissolve it first. Dissolving rock salt requires heating it. Once heated, you can then pour it into your aquarium.

2) Use Distilled Water

Distilled water is also known as 'deionized' water. It is used because it is free of minerals and other impurities. Deionization removes ions from tap water and makes it safe to drink. You can purchase distilled water from any local grocery store. Alternatively, you can use bottled water. Make sure that you don't put this water back into your tap water system. Instead, use a separate container for your distilled water.

3) Add Calcium

Calcium is an essential mineral for your fish. Adding calcium to your water will make it easier to keep your fish healthy. To do this, you can either add calcium directly to your water, or you can add calcium-rich foods like oysters and kelp to your tank.

4) Use Baking Soda

Baking soda is another great way to soften your water. It helps to reduce the hardness of your water by absorbing excess sodium. Combine baking soda with warm water and spray it onto your gravel. Let it sit for about 10 minutes before rinsing off. Repeat this process once per week.

5) Use Epsom Salts

Magnesium is an essential element for your fish. Epsom salts are made from magnesium sulfate. When added to your tank, they absorb excess sodium and create a less acidic solution. In addition, they maintain the pH level of your water.

6) Use Hydrogen Peroxide

Hydrogen peroxide is another great way to get rid of hard water. It is very effective at removing iron deposits from your water. Iron is an essential nutrient for most fish. However, if the water is too iron-rich, it can kill your fish.

7) Use Chlorine Bleach

Chlorine bleach is yet another way to soften hard water. It works best when combined with hydrogen peroxide. Add 1 part chlorine bleach to 3 parts hydrogen peroxide. Spray this mixture on your aquarium walls and bottom. 30 minutes should be allowed to pass before rinsing away.

8) Use Potassium Iodide

Potassium iodide is a chemical compound that is used to treat thyroid problems. This prevents cancerous cells from forming. It is also used to avoid radioactive iodine from being absorbed by your body.

9) Use Salt Lamps

There is a type of lamp called a salt lamp that uses salt instead of electricity. The salt is placed inside a glass tube and lit. As the salt melts, it creates heat. The warmth softens your water.

10) Use Ice Cubes

Ice cubes are another way to soften hard waters. Place ice cubes in your tank and let them melt slowly over time. Be careful not to place the ice directly next to your fish.

How to soften hard water for shower

Hard water is a problem that people often encounter, and it can lead to many health-related issues. Hard water leaves a soap scum on the surface of the sink, shower, and bathtub.

Hard water can cause soap scum and white spots on surfaces and clog up pipes. It can also leave soap residue on your skin and hair over time. Latherless shampoo, tarnished silverware, rust on cookware, dry skin, and hair can all be symptoms of hard water.

Most older homes have hard water treatment switches as well as filters for showerheads. Here are some alternatives to bleach or other harsh chemicals that you can use to soften your hard water at home:

1) Baking Soda

Mix one cup of baking soda with four cups of hot water and pour into a container. Leave the mixture overnight and rinse out the following day.

2) Vinegar

Add two tablespoons of vinegar to a gallon of water and stir. Pour the mixture through a strainer and use it to clean your shower.

3) Castile Soap

Use a bar of castile soap to wash your face and hands. You can even add a few drops of lavender oil to make the soap more pleasant to smell and feel.

4) Epsom Salts

Make a solution of equal amounts of Epsom salts and distilled water. Add enough Epsom salts to cover the bottom of a container. Whirl until dissolved, then allow to cool completely. Store the solution in a sealed jar and keep it in the dark cabinet.

5) Baking powder

Combine three teaspoons of baking powder with five cups of warm water. Let the mixture stand for several hours. Strain out the baking powder and store the liquid in a sealed container.

6) Citric Acid

Mix one tablespoon of citric acid with six cups of cold water. Keep the mixture refrigerated and use it to clean showers and sinks.

7) Lemon Juice

With lemon juice in the spray bottle, shake vigorously. Spray the mixture onto your shower and tub walls and floors. Wait about 10 minutes before rinsing off the mixture.

8) Aloe Vera Gel

Cut open an aloe vera leaf and squeeze the gel out of the center. Mix the gel with four cups of warm water. Allow the mixture to sit overnight and strain the mixture. Store the resulting solution in a closed container.

How to soften hard water for bathing

Hard water is a common problem in many homes and can cause cleaning, bathing, and even laundry problems.

Sometimes hard water is caused by a lack of minerals in the water. To soften hard water, you will need to use a few ingredients, such as baking soda and vinegar. In case the problem hasn't been resolved, there may be something wrong with your plumbing or filter system. For more information, contact your plumber or filter company to find out what needs to be done.

Here are some ways you can soften hard water for bathing:

  • Add a teaspoon of baking soda to the tub
  • Add 1/2 cup of white vinegar to the bathwater during bathtime
  • Run your shower head under the faucet as you shower, as this will help create a nice lather on your skin- Use a soft sponge instead of a rough scrub brush
  • Wash your hair with shampoo that contains sodium laurel sulfate, which helps remove dirt from your hair
  • Rinse your body after taking a shower with a mild cleanser containing sodium lauryl sulfate
  • Use a natural soap made from olive oil and coconut oil
  • Make sure to use a good quality moisturizer after showering

How to soften hard water in a fish tank

Hard water is a problem in most fish tanks and fishbowl, which leads to a decrease in the number of fish. In the case of hard water, you must soften it by adding salts into the aquarium and fishbowl.

Your fish tank can be softened in multiple ways by softening hard water in your fish tank. Among them are water conditioners and salt patches. To soften the salt, you can add ice cubes or cold tap water every day until the hardness reaches an acceptable level for your fish tank.

To soften hard water, there are two ways that you can do it:

1) Adding fresh tap water

2) Adding a saltwater mix into your tank with a few different types of salts. The first way to soften hard water is to add fresh tap water into your tank. It is only recommended if you do not. This is best only if you do not want to change your saltwater. The second way to soften hard water involves mixing up a saltwater mix. This method includes adding a little bit of salt to your tank's water and then letting the water settle. After the water settles, you should drain it and refill the tank with new water.

How to soften hard water in the washing machine

There are many ways that we can soften hard water in our washing machine. The methods and ingredients vary, but one way is by adding a cup of vinegar to the detergent.

There are a few ways to soften hard water in a washing machine.

  1. Fill the machine with cold water before adding the clothes, add the detergent and start the machine.
  2. Combine one cup of white vinegar with a gallon of warm water and run it through the washing machine for a few cycles.
  3. Use a cup of salt to dissolve in three gallons of warm water, then add it to your wash cycle and use hot wash temperature for shorter periods.
  4. Add a cup of baking soda to a gallon of warm soapy water and let it soak overnight. Then add it to your washer when you're ready to wash.
  5. Add half a cup of baking soda and half a cup of vinegar to a gallon of hot water and stir well. After 15 minutes, run it through the washing machine.
  6. Add a cup of vinegar to your regular laundry detergent and follow the instructions on the bottle.
  7. Make an equal mixture of baking soda and vinegar and put it in a spray bottle. Spray onto your clothes and leave them in a dryer for 10 minutes.
  8. Put a cup of baking soda in a bucket of water and place it outside in direct sunlight for 24 hours.
  9. Pour 1/2 cup of baking soda into a large pot of boiling water. Turn off the heat and let it cool down. When it has cooled down, pour it into your washing machine.
  10. Put a cup of vinegar in a bowl and fill it up with warm water. Stir it around, and then add it to your washing machine.

How to soften hard water to wash the car

Hard water can be a huge problem for car wash enthusiasts. It is often hard to remove the water spots and dirt left on cars after washing them. To soften hard water, you can add about 1/4 cup of baking soda to a bucket of water and then use the solution on your car.

Softwater is created by adding salt to the area that will be washed. A bucketful of salt with a little bit of vinegar added will do the trick. The salt dissolves into the hard water and leaves no residue behind. Baking soda mixed with vinegar acts as an excellent cleaning agent and softener for your car.

How to soften hard water for plants

Hard water can be a problem for plant life. It is very difficult to treat the water, but there are ways to soften it for plant growth.

High calcium and magnesium levels in hard water can damage plant roots and leaves. Even though hard water is relatively rare worldwide, you can still soften the soil and water with vinegar or lemon juice. Pour about an inch of vinegar or lemon juice into your watering can before watering your plants. This will help prevent any buildup of minerals in the roots of your plants.

How to soften hard water in the swimming pool

Hard water can cause health problems in swimming pools. Hard water can be softened by adding limewater or pool salt. The easiest way to make your limewater is by using granulated pool salt and boiling it until the crystals dissolve.

Softening hard water in pools can be tedious, but better solutions like adding limewater or pool salt to make it soft again. Here's an overview of the materials you'll need for this process and how to use them properly.

Adding 25 milliliters (ml) of granulated pool salt to 1 cubic meter of already softened water would be an example. This equals 0.25 kg of regular table salt, which is pretty heavy for a small bucket. To avoid carrying such a large amount of salt to the pool, you can mix it with other ingredients. You could also buy ready-made products that are specifically designed for this purpose.

A good alternative to making your limewater is buying a product called "pool salt." Pool salt contains sodium chloride and potassium chlorate. These two chemicals react when mixed to form chlorine gas. Chlorine gas kills bacteria and algae in the pool.

The advantage of pool salt over limewater is that it does not require much preparation. It is simply a matter of adding pool salt to the pool and let it sit overnight. The next day, you should see a lot of bubbles coming out of the pool. If you want to test whether the pool has been sufficiently treated, you can put a few drops of food coloring into the pool. If the color changes from blue to green within five minutes, the pool is safe to swim in.

A method for softening hard water in a hot tub

Hard water can cause problems in hot tubs. For this reason, the best solution for softening hard water is to use a special water softener that will remove calcite from your spa or hot tub. In the absence of a water softener, you can also soften the hard water by using a vinegar soak.

If you want to soften hard water without using a machine, there are two ways of doing so: one is to use vinegar, and the other is to use baking soda. To soften hard water with vinegar:

  1. The hot tub should be filled with approximately 2 cups of white vinegar.
  2. Leave the mixture in the hot tub for 24 hours.
  3. Drain the water and refill the tub.
  4. Repeat this process every week.

To soften hard water with baking soda, first, fill up the hot tub with warm water. Stir together 1/2 cup baking soda and the warm water. Leave the solution in the hot tub for 30 minutes. Afterward, drain the water and refill it. Do this process once every week.

Note that these methods only work on mineral deposits that are dissolved in the water. They do not work on calcium carbonate deposits that are floating in the water.

How to soften hard tap water

There are many different types of hard water. Tap water is usually considered to be hard because it contains high levels of minerals. The most common type of hard tap water is calcium carbonate. Calcium carbonate is a compound that forms naturally as limestone dissolves in water. It is also found in seashells.

Calcium carbonate is known to cause scale buildup in pipes. When calcium carbonate builds up in pipes, it causes them to become clogged. As a result, the flow of water through the pipe slows down. Eventually, the pipes may even burst.

Causes of hard water

In addition to calcium carbonate, hard water often contains magnesium sulfate and iron sulfate. Iron sulfate is particularly problematic because it tends to precipitate out of the solution. When it precipitates, it settles to the bottom of the tank. Over time, this sedimentation can build up until it reaches the pump. Once this happens, the pump won't work properly anymore.

Preventing hard water

You can prevent hard water from forming in your home's plumbing system. To do so, install a water filter. Impurities can be removed from water by a water filter before they reach the faucet. Some people recommend installing an additional filter after the main filter. This extra filter helps to reduce the amount of lime and rust in the water.

Another method of preventing hard water is to change the water frequently. Changing the water regularly prevents bacteria from growing in the pipes. Bacteria will grow if the water remains stagnant for too long.

You may need to purchase a water conditioner if your water supply contains large amounts of iron, you may need to purchase a water conditioner. These products contain chemicals that help to dissolve iron and other metals.

Treating hard water

Once you have determined that your water has become hard, you should treat it. There are several different ways of softening hard water. You can either buy a water softener or make your homemade product. If you decide to use a water softener, you'll need to find one that works well with your specific water conditions.

Softening hard water is easiest when you use a water softener. A water softener uses ion exchange technology to remove ions from the water. Ion exchange occurs when positively charged ions are exchanged for negatively charged ions.

When using a water softener, follow the manufacturer's instructions carefully. Doing so ensures that your water softener will operate efficiently. Also, keep in mind that some water softeners require periodic maintenance.

Softening hard water with baking soda

Baking soda is another effective way to soften hard water. To soften hard water with baking powder, simply add two cups of baking soda to the bathtub. Allow the mixture to sit overnight. Rinse the tub thoroughly the following morning.

To soften hard water with vinegar.

Vinegar is another popular household remedy for treating hard water. Simply combine vinegar with hot water in equal proportions. Add a few drops of essential oil if desired. Leave the mixture to soak overnight. Then, drain the tub and wash it thoroughly.

Other methods of softening hard water include:

  • Using a washing machine instead of hand-washing clothes
  • Adding lemon juice to the bathtub
  • Adding Epsom salts to the bathtub

What Is The Best Way To Treat Hard Water?

Hard water is caused by minerals in the water that cause the water to be acidic. When water becomes hard, it causes stains on sinks and toilets, soap scum buildup, and corroded fixtures. Fortunately, there are many ways to fix hard water issues. Here are three common options for treating hard water:

1. Install a water filter

A water filter removes impurities and contaminants from the water before it reaches the sink or shower. It also reduces the amount of chlorine in the water. However, most filters only work well for removing particles larger than 0.2 microns, which means they won't remove any dissolved solids.

In addition to filtering out particles, a water filter also improves the taste of tap water. Most people don't realize how much chlorine affects their drinking water. Chlorine kills bacteria and helps prevent disease, but it also makes the water taste bad. By reducing the amount of chlorine in your home, you can improve the overall quality of your tap water.

2. Use a water softener

It removes calcium ions and magnesium ions, which can improve the taste of water. This process allows the water to be softer and more easily rinsed off dishes. Some water softeners also reduce the amount of hardness in the water.

ANSI standards ensure that the water softener works properly and provides consistent results. Water softeners, however, do not all work the same. Select a water softener that meets the standards set by the American National Standards Institute.

You should read this: Water softener installing cost.

3. Use a water conditioner

A water conditioner adds chemicals to the water to make it easier to clean. These products contain chelating agents that help remove mineral deposits. They also contain enzymes that break down fats and proteins. Although these products are convenient, they aren't always necessary. If your water isn't too hard, then you probably don't need a water conditioner. But if your water smells, tastes funny, or has excessive amounts of iron, you should think about a water conditioner.

How to soften hard water for a humidifier?

Hard water is a common problem in many households. Humidifiers do not work well with hard water since it lacks calcium and magnesium. Without these minerals, humidifiers cannot function properly.

So how do you soften hard water? You can use a water softener to remove calcium and magnesium from your hot or cold water supply. Another option is to use an ion-exchange softener, which reacts with hard water and replaces it with salt.

If you want to soften hard water without using a household appliance, there are two ways that you can do this. One way is by adding either detergent or baking soda into the tank of your humidifier. This method doesn't have any chemical effects on the hardness of the water, so it will not harm your humidifier. Another way is to add some vinegar to the tank of your humidifier. Vinegar is acidic, so it will react with the hardness of the water and cause it to become less hard. Soaking cotton balls in vinegar will also help soften the water.

Do You Need to Avoid Hard Water?

The health benefits of hard water can be calculated by the impact of it on every individual. However, avoidance of hard water is due to some of its harmful effects like:

  • Causing stains
  • Alter the taste of tea or coffee
  • It blocks pipes and reduces water flow
  • Causes dry hair and skin
  • Reduces the lifespan of home appliances
  • Tarnishes the looks of kitchen wares
  • Kills the texture of clothes

Problems caused by hardness in water

As hard water will not unhealthy, it may cause some costly problems. The main issue is scaling that precipitation of the minerals to create rock hard deposit called limescale.

Problems Caused By Hardness In Water

The scale can store inside the pipes and may decrease the life span of toilet units up to 70% and 40% for water taps.

This may store inside coffee or tea pot, clog and ruin the water heater. For home use, it will take more soap and synthetic detergent for washing and laundry. The conditioning water will take half of soap to clean something.

Soap combine and hard water create Soap scum which can not be washed off, creating a bathtub ring on all surfaces and it will dry leaving unsightly spot over the dishes.

While using soap on the body with hard water cause the storage of scum that is known as curd. The curd or scum is the cause of magnesium and insoluble calcium salts available in the soap.

The curd remains on the skin though you wash it well, coating body or clogging pores. They can be used as a medium to grow bacteria and cause minor skin irritation, nappy rash, dry skin and continuous inches.

Though you use the shampoo regularly, there will remain some insoluble salts in hard water that are hard to untangle or remove.

Hard water creates scaling on the cooling towers, boilers, and the other industrial equipment in the industry.

So Water hardness should be monitored to escape from the costly breakdowns. Hardness can be removed by adding chemicals or by great scale softening with zeolite resins. The presence of calcium means hard water.

Types of water hardness

Types Of Water Hardness

Temporary hardness

This indicates hardness which effects may be alternated by boiling water in the open container.

Limestone formations percolate this kind of water or contain bicarbonate HCO3- with some amount of carbonate CO32  as the main ions. Boiling water enhances the reaction.

2 HCO3– → CO32– + CO2

By eliminating the carbon dioxide gas. The CO32 does function with Ca2+ Mg2 + ions, to create magnesium carbonates and calcium carbonates that precipitate out. The result is to form soap scum will be reduced significantly.

Types of water hardness

Permanent hardness

The water which has sulfate nad chloride and impossible to remove by boiling is called the permanently hard water. The only softness system is to eliminate ions from water, by the method stated below.

How to soften hard water at home

Surely, the long term solution to solve the hard water of your home is to use the water softener, and you may start with arranging a free no obligation house demonstration to suit for you. We will begin as we can, but in the meantime, there are some ways to start with the water softening hard water and reduce the damage or irritation to your house today.

How To Soften Hard Water At Home

Boil water before use

Boil water first before trying to use it. It will be better to make the water soften before you like to use it for cleaning teeth, cooking food or drinking. Otherwise, they will create more scale on the teeth. If you boil water, you will see impurities or scum over the surface and then scoop them to escape them.

Boil Water Before Use

As you keep the water for a longer period, you will see the impurities on the bottom of the pot and you can then be able to purr off the softened water.

Use Washing Soda or Lime

A few years back, it was very common that people use lime or washing soda with big storage of water in the barrel or tank to make the water soften.

After few days, impurities and some harsh mineral sediment stored at the bottom and from the top people collected the soft water. Though the method is useful, it takes time. It is difficult to store water in a large pot or needs enough strength to carry the amount.

Add washing soda to water

Hard water does not help soap or detergents to gather lather and does not help cleaning actually. By adding ammonia, washing soda, lye or borax, you can remove the problem for a short time.

Use Washing Soda Or Lime

The reason is it softens water and resist lime from stopping the lathering system. As the limescale does not remove from water, you will get mineral affecting or durability or dryness of the clothing.

Softening Water for Laundry

Add non-precipitating water conditioner to your laundry. The products trap some of the minerals from water at the time of washing. Be sure the product is non-precipitating. You have to search for online to get it out.

Softening Water for Laundry

Do not use precipitating conditioner as it may cause scale on washing machine or fabric. Select a product and connect it with laundry as stated below:

  • According to the instruction add it with wash cycle. If you have no idea of hard water area, add conditioner up to you get water that feels slippery suds comes during the time of washing.
  • Use a 2nd batch of the conditioner at the date of rinsing cycle. If you do not do so, all the mineral will latch on your clothes.

Treat hard water spots with vinegar. Distilled white vinegar can remove white spots over fabric, or mineral, drains, build up. Use dilute or plain with the same amount, scrub the problem and wash well.

This solution is tedious to remove builds up rapidly. If the water is slightly hard, this may be cost efficient system.

  • Some people like half cup vinegar to remove cycle in water, though some claim rubber seals of the machine. Think about the checking of your dear machine manufacturer.
  • Vinegar may bleach some kinds of damage stoneware of fabrics
  • For hard water, a towel can be stiff. Contact with it with the same procedure.

Watch How To Turn Hard Water Into Soft Water

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Soften Hard Water

1. What are the sources of hard water?

Hard water results from the high concentration of mineral ions like calcium and magnesium; in some other cases, there may be the presence of iron( fe3+ or fe2+), manganese, etc.

2. Is hard water softened by boiling?

Yes, but this measure requires a daily effort. However, the hardness of the water reduces when it cools. Also, lime can help reduce the hardness of the water. 

3. How can you change hard water?

The most effective way of changing hard water to soft water is with the use of water softener.

4. Can hard water change the color of my hair?

According to hair experts, in the long run, hard water can cause a change in hair color. 

5. Can you filter hard water?

Yes, you can. But filtering your water will not make any difference if the whole idea is to reduce hardness. You should try using a water softener.

6. How Does a Hard Water Softener Work?

keywords: how does a hard water softener work, how does it remove hardness from the water

Hard water is the problem that more of us are facing, so hard water softeners are becoming increasingly popular. Let's see how hard water softeners work.

The minerals in hard water are higher than in soft water, making it harder to clean with soap or flush toilets. A typical home can have up to 10 times the hardness of soft water. The hardness also increases the amount of cleaning required for your home and causes plumbing problems too.

Statistics about Soften Hard Water

  • In addition to lowering the pH of your hair, apple cider vinegar contains vitamins that help your hair grow. As an alternative to shampoo, apple cider vinegar is a good choice since it lowers the pH of the hair and contains vitamins that are good for the hair, such as vitamins B and C. 

  • If water's pH is less than 6.5, it is more likely to be contaminated with pollutants, making it unsafe for consumption. 

  • Get 50% off your first shipment, plus fast, free & discreet delivery right to your door. 

  • It is recommended that you use 10% cross-link resin beads in your water softener resin tank to avoid these problems. These resin beads are more chlorine-tolerant than standard 8% cross-link resin beads.

  • Dual-tank alternating Iron Pro water softeners provide a comprehensive solution for chlorinated water with iron concentrations up to 6ppm in the form of 10% cross-link resin.

  • The technology has been proven in controlled tests undertaken by the University of Arizona to reduce the amount of limescale produced by hard water by over 96%.

  • In this case, 82% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. 

  • Are you aware that 90% of US households deal with hard water issues? 

  • US water supplies are affected by "hard" water to the tune of over 85%. 

  • Over 85% of US households still have hard water problems.


Although the relevance of hard water is less compared to its negative impact. However, with learning these ways on how to soften hard water, you will be able to choose the most suitable system that fits your water system facility. Happy water usage!

Click Here to Leave a Comment Below 0 comments

Leave a Reply: