How Can We Control Water Pollution? Simple and Easy Ways to Reduce Pollution
There are many ways through which you can control water pollution. The best way is the dilution of water.
People should treat pollutants chemically and convert into the non-toxic substances. You can remove a low level of radioactive wastes from water through oxidation of ponds.
Some certain chemicals act on the organic insecticides and are applied in pesticides. Lots of tactics are found which are very helpful in the system of thermal pollution.
These are cooling, water cooling and evaporation. Cooling may be dry or wet. Their purpose is to keep water cold in streams and rivers. The shallow ponds are using to reserve industrial and domestic waste. So, one should shun the large lakes.
There is the presence of organic nutrients and presence of sunlight which promotes the lager growth of bacteria. It acts on the waste matter. This domestic polluted water may be used for making fertilizers.
It is rich in nitrogen, potassium and phosphorous. One can use it for factories and irrigation purposes. Proper sewage treatment plans play an essential role for reclaimed polluted water.
Law is critical here. The law obeys that industrial waste must treat prior water is discharged into seas and rivers. Contaminated water is possible to operate by the use of a plant named as water hyacinth or Kaloli.
It deals with chemical and biological waste. At the same time, it removes heavy metals.
Types of pollution
Surface water pollution
Surface water pollutions mean pollutions of lakes, rivers, and ocean. A subset of surface water pollution is marine pollution.
A polluted river draining an abandoned copper mine on Anglesey
Seawater is greatly polluted in many ways than other sources of water. An example is direct throwing of industrial waste and sewage discharge into the ocean. This type of pollution is very common in developing nations.
Big gyres (vortexes) attack is floating plastic debris in the oceans. Plastic debris absorbs poisonous chemicals from ocean contamination. It creates poisoning any creature which eats it.
Many long-lasting pieces go inside the belly or stomach of animals and marine birds. It leads to decrease appetite or sometimes starvation.
You get some secondary effects which aren’t coming from the original pollutants but a derivative condition.
Silt-bearing surface is such an example. It inhibits the penetration of sunlight inside the water column and hampers photosynthesis in aquatic plants.
Interaction of surface water and groundwater are complex. So groundwater pollution sometimes calls groundwater contamination. It isn’t very easy to classify as surface water contamination.
Groundwater aquifers are responsible for the contamination of surface water bodies by its nature. The differences of a point vs. nonpoint resources are different.
People who analyze groundwater give focus on site geology and soil characteristics, hydrology, hydrogeology and the nature of pollutants. There are many causes of groundwater.
The names are sewage, on-site sanitation, naturally-occurring, pesticides and fertilizers, hydraulic fracturing, commercial and industrial leaks and landfill leachate.
Categories of pollution sources
Groundwater and surface water have been managed and studied as different resources though they have a connection. Surface water goes through the soils and turns into groundwater.
On the other way, groundwater feeds surface water resources. The sources of surface water pollution are divided into 2 categories depending on its region.
Point source water pollution means the contaminants which go in waterway from an identifiable or single source such as a ditch or a pipe.
Examples of such sources include discharge from a factory, a sewage dealing plant and a municipality storm drain.
Clean Water Act (CWA) indicates point resource for authoritarian enforcement function.
The CWA’s point source revised in 1987 and added municipal storm drain methods and industrial stormwater for example from building sites.
Nonpoint source pollution indicates diffuse contamination which doesn’t come from a distinct source. This kind of contamination is the cumulative outcome of a little number of pollutants reserved in a big area.
A normal example is leaching out of nitrogen compounds from the fertilized agricultural lands.
Nutrient runoff from sheet flow on a forest or an agricultural field is also the example of non-point source pollution.
Polluted stormwater moved to parking lots, highways and roads named as urban runoff. This is sometimes classified as the category of non-point sources.
Nonetheless, this runoff is channeled to storm drain system and discharged inside the pipe of the local exterior waters. Then it turns into a point source.
Prevention of Water Pollution
Below there are fourteen great ways to save water from pollution
The water we use in our house should be treated properly to make the environment free from pollutant and safe. Proper care must be taken to guarantee that effective sewage treatment system is in place.
If we like to prevent water pollution, animal and human excreta must be prevented from getting mixed with its sources. Making proper sewage treatment and pit toilet can ensure some solution to the problem.
Prevent river water from getting polluted
It is not possible to make the graceful water of the river to a clean one by the natural process. The reason is that there are lots of external substances which are discharged into water. Thus the rivers become polluted.
People who use this waterfall in the trap of diseases. Effective efforts must be taken to resist the water pollution of the river. Besides people should not give permission to throw waste into the water of the river.
Treatment of wastes before discharge
Factories must treat effluent wastes before to discharge. The toxic material must be transformed into the harmless material and treated chemically. If possible, the factory must try to reprocess the treated water.
Strict adherence to water laws
Law should be imposed well and all classes of people need to follow it strictly. People make aware of the laws that water laws are the own interest.
Treatment of drainage water
In cities, a great quantity of water is kept in drain regularly. The water that goes through the drainage system must be treated properly.
Before sending them to the reservoirs, harmful pollutants must be removed from them. It water enters into the reservoirs without treating them well, they can pollute others.
In the big cities and towns, you will get effluent action plants. The activity of the plants is filtered out undisclosed materials. Sometimes chemical treatments are given to divide unwanted melt chemicals.
The indulgence water is permitted to enter into water reservoirs and infused in the house. Sometimes treated water is applied for farming in the fields of an irrigated lie in the vicinity of the water treatment.
Keep the pond water clean and safe
People should not wash or bath cattle in the water of the pond. Bathing cattle and washing dirty clothes build pond water unsuitable and dirty for personal use. Since the ponds are constantly misused, it may guide to severe consequence.
Lakes, Ponds, and wells are being used for human. They should be treated or cleaned routinely so that it stays fit for human use.
The step is very essential and one should not avoid it. A method of normal testing of lake and pond may be initiated to confirm the safety of the water.
Don’t pour insecticides in sinks and toilets
Do not pour household medicines and insecticides etc. down the toilet, drain, and sink. People like to throw old medicines and wastes into the bathroom toilet.
The practice needs to be discouraged since the chemical compound of insecticides and medicines etc. at the time of mixing with other chemicals can result in the formation of some harmful substances.
Self-hygiene is a great thing. People must not drink polluted water. Drinking water must put undercover in an unspoiled place. One must not place his hand into drinking water container.
One needs to clean the reservoirs on the regular basis must be followed strictly. Meaning that drinking water must be pure before one likes to use. If there is no good water cleanser, it is suggested to drink bubbled water. It is very safe to resist water-borne diseases.
Avoid using plastic
As it is not biodegradable, plastic may end up by gathering in lakes, rivers, and oceans as it has to go elsewhere. The High Pacific Garbage Patch is a great vortex of trash mostly plastic which collected in the oceans.
The trash affects the life of marine and endangers the life of a marine. If possible, use cloth container or glass instead of plastic.
Conversion is a good way to preserve water as a worldly resource
Treat water before you like to drink it. It is essential to converse water as much as possible in the areas where droughts occur. Do the following practice to converse great amount of water in your house.
- Take bath instead of showers as bath requires more water.
- If you do not use water turn off the faucets for example at the time of brushing your teeth.
- Do not overwater the lawn. Be sure the lawn sprinklers are moved off if it rains.
- Use water in your garden before the sun comes or after the sun has set to reduce or resist evaporation which aids water waste.
Sanitation process must be developed. The necessity of cleaning human health must be comprehended. People contact with hazardous materials must be prevented. After using the toilet one must wash the hand properly or use the flash with water and soap.
Public awareness is a great factor to reduce water pollution. A charitable organization should move door to door to make people aware of the impact of water pollution and environmental problem. They should set up and go environmental education center. Students should come forward to make people aware of pollution and the way to prevent it.